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Statins protect against arrhythmogenic calcium alternans in the post–myocardial infarction diabetic heart: Pleiotropy on steroids

  • Richard L. Verrier
    Correspondence
    Address reprint requests and correspondence: Dr Richard L. Verrier, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, 99 Brookline Avenue, RN-301, Boston MA 02215-3908.
    Affiliations
    Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
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      Statins' broad spectrum of beneficial cardiovascular effects, including reduction in coronary artery disease deaths and myocardial infarctions (MIs), often evokes the term pleiotropy. This therapeutic accolade appears well deserved, given the multimodal actions by which this class of lipid-lowering agents exerts its salutary influences on coronary, cerebral, and other vasculatures. The overall reduction in ischemic burden owing to amelioration of plaque progression results from diverse effects on endothelial function, signaling pathways of inflammation, endothelial nitric oxide synthesis, platelet activation, angiotensin II receptor regulation, and plaque stabilization, to name a few.
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