Regulation of the TRPC1 channel by endothelin-1 in human atrial myocytes


      Our recent study demonstrated that the nonselective cation current mediated by the transient receptor potential canonical 1 (TRPC1) channel is activated by endothelin-1 (ET-1) in human atrial myocytes; however, the related signal molecules involved are unknown.


      The purpose of this study was to investigate how the TRPC1 channel is regulated by ET-1 and whether it is upregulated in human atria from patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).


      Whole-cell patch technique and molecular biology techniques were used in the study.


      The ET-1–evoked TRPC1 current was inhibited by the ET-1 type A (ETA) receptor antagonist BQ123 and the ET-1 type B (ETB) receptor antagonist BQ788 as well as the protein kinase C inhibitor chelerythrine. ETA receptor–mediated TRPC1 channel activity was selectively inhibited by the phosphoinositide-3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin, while ETB receptor–mediated TRPC1 activity was inhibited by the phospholipase C inhibitor U73122. The messenger RNAs and proteins of the TRPC1 channel and ETA receptor, but not the ETB receptor, were significantly upregulated in atria from patients with AF. The basal TRPC1 current increased in AF myocytes, and the response to ET-1 was greater in AF myocytes than in sinus rhythm myocytes. ET-1 induced a delayed repolarization in 20% of AF myocytes.


      These results demonstrate for the first time that TRPC1 activation by ET-1 is mediated by protein kinase C through the distinct phospholipids pathways phosphoinositide-3-kinase and phospholipase C and that the TRPC1 channel and ETA receptor are upregulated in AF atria, which are likely involved in atrial electrical remodeling in patients with AF.


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