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B-PO01-075 ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PERSONALIZED EVIDENCE-BASED ANTICOAGULATION THERAPY AND OUTCOMES AT 1-YEAR FOLLOW-UP IN PATIENTS WITH ATRIAL FIBRILLATION: AN ANALYSIS FROM THE ATRIAL FIBRILLATION REGISTRY

      Background

      The guideline treatments based on a relatively broad set of enrollment criteria inhibits the personalized evidence-based approach. Personalized evidence-based medicine (EBM) involves the ability to classify individuals into subpopulations that differ in their susceptibility to a particular disease or their response to a specific treatment.

      Objective

      We report the 1-year follow-up data of the Atrial Fibrillation Registry, focusing on the relationship between personalized EBM and guideline-adherent anticoagulation therapy use and the occurrence of major clinical adverse events.

      Methods

      2683 patients at high risk for stroke and 1-year follow-up were enrolled in study. The primary endpoint was the percentage of guideline-based and personalized EBM recommendations acted on by clinicians. Secondary endpoints include the following: outcomes for all-cause mortality, thromboembolism (TE), bleeding, and the composite endpoints.

      Results

      From 2683 patients, 1971 (73.5%) EMR were guideline adherent and only 824 (30.7%) of them were personalized EBM anticoagulation therapy adherent, whilst 712 (26.5%) were non-guideline adherent and 1147 (42.8%) were guideline adherent but non-personalized EBM adherent. The composite endpoint of cardiovascular death, any TE or bleeding was significantly lower in personalized EBM adherent patients during 1-year follow-up (P = 0.02). The endpoint of all cause death and any TE is increased by >20% by guideline adherent but non-personalized EBM adherent treatment [hazard ratio (HR) 1.254 (95% CI 0.931; 1.689)] and >80% non-guideline adherent and non-personalized EBM adherent treatment [HR 1.892 (95% CI 1.359; 2.635)]. For the composite endpoint of cardiovascular death, any TE or bleeding, guideline adherent but non-personalized EBM adherent treatment increased risk by >40% [HR 1.454 (95% CI 1.037; 2.040)], and non-guideline adherent and non-personalized EBM adherent treatment by >110% [HR 2.113 (95% CI 1.453; 3.074)].

      Conclusion

      Personalized EBM anticoagulation management is associated with significantly better outcomes, including those related to the composite endpoint of cardiovascular death, any TE or bleeding in high-risk patients.