Role of subcutaneous implantable loop recorder for the diagnosis of arrhythmias in Brugada syndrome: A United Kingdom single-center experience

Published:September 03, 2021DOI:


      Experience with implantable loop recorders (ILRs) in Brugada syndrome (BrS) is limited.


      The purpose of this study was to evaluate the indications and yield of ILR monitoring in a single-center BrS registry.


      Demographic, clinical and follow-up data of BrS patients with ILR were collected.


      Of 415 BrS patients recruited consecutively, 50 (12%) received an ILR (58% male). Mean age at ILR implantation was 44 ± 15 years. Thirty-one (62%) had experienced syncopal or presyncopal episodes, and 23 (46%) had palpitations. During median follow-up of 28 months (range 1–68), actionable events were detected in 11 subjects (22%); 7 had recurrences of syncope/presyncope, with 4 showing defects in sinus node function or atrioventricular conduction. New supraventricular tachyarrhythmias were recorded in 6 subjects; a run of fast nonsustained ventricular tachycardia was detected in 1 patient. Patients implanted with an ILR were less likely to show a spontaneous type 1 pattern or depolarization electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities compared to those receiving a primary prevention implantable-cardioverter defibrillator. Age at implantation, gender, Shanghai score, and ECG parameters did not differ between subjects with and those without actionable events. ILR-related complications occurred in 3 cases (6%).


      In a large cohort of BrS patients, continuous ILR monitoring yielded a diagnosis of tachy- or bradyarrhythmic episodes in 22% of cases. Recurrences of syncope were associated with bradyarrhythmic events. Use of ILR can be helpful in guiding the management of low-/intermediate-risk BrS patients and ascertaining the cause of unexplained syncope.

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