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Dual atrioventricular nodal non-reentrant tachycardia: Various atrioventricular conduction responses to atrioventricular simultaneous pacing

      Background

      Specific pacing methods to unmask the existence of the dual atrioventricular (AV) nodal pathway in patients with dual AV nodal non-reentrant tachycardia remain to be established.

      Objective

      This study aimed to determine the electrophysiological characteristics of dual AV nodal non-reentrant tachycardia by its responses to specific pacing methods.

      Methods

      Five patients diagnosed as having dual AV nodal non-reentrant tachycardia were retrospectively investigated.

      Results

      Atrial pacing could not induce the clinical tachycardia as continuous double firing in any of the 5 patients, but did induce sudden prolongation of the A-H interval as the linking phenomenon in 1 patient. A single atrial extrastimulation after sinus excitations was performed without interruption of double firing in 1 patient, and it induced the double ventricular response phenomenon within the limited range of the extrastimulus intervals. The pacing method of AV simultaneous basic pacing preceding atrial programmed extrastimulation did not allow interruptions of double firing during the basic drive trains and induced the double ventricular response phenomenon within the limited range of the extrastimulus intervals in all 5 patients, even in 1 patient without inducibility of the clinical tachycardia in the catheterization laboratory. The double ventricular response phenomenon within the limited range of the extrastimulus intervals may be based on the existence of the dual AV nodal pathway with concealed retrograde penetration.

      Conclusion

      The AV simultaneous basic pacing preceding atrial programmed extrastimulation method consistently and reproducibly unmasked the existence of the dual AV nodal pathway as the double ventricular response phenomenon in patients with dual AV nodal non-reentrant tachycardia.

      Key words

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