Thirty-day readmission rate of same-day discharge protocol after left atrial appendage occlusion: A propensity score–matched analysis from the National Readmission Database


      Given the reduction in periprocedural complication rates, same-day discharge (SDD) after percutaneous left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) could be beneficial. To date, little data exist comparing the standard overnight stay (ONS) vs SDD after LAAC.


      The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of SDD compared with ONS.


      A retrospective cohort study of LAAC procedures performed in the United States from 2015 to 2019 was conducted using the US Nationwide Readmission Database. The primary outcome was all-cause 30-day readmission after discharge in patients who underwent LAAC, and a secondary outcome was requiring total health care cost. A 1:1 propensity score matching was conducted for adjustment. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression was also performed to estimate the hazard ratio for all-cause readmission within 30 days of LAAC.


      Of 48,953 patients (mean age 76.0 ± 7.9 years), 972 patients (1.99%) were discharged on the same day after LAAC (SDD group) and the remaining 47,981 patients stayed at least 1 night (ONS group). A propensity score–matched analysis generated 961 matched pairs in each group. The 30-day readmission rate after discharge was similar between the groups (SDD vs ONS: 8.5% vs 9.8%; P = .31; hazard ratio 1.13; 95% confidence interval 0.78–1.63; P = .53). The total required health care cost was significantly lower in the SDD group ($23,720 [$18,075–$29,416] vs $25,877 [$19,906–$32,748]; P < .01). Gastrointestinal bleeding was the major cause for readmission (SDD vs ONS: 14.7% vs 15.1%; P = .95), but stroke and pericardial effusion were rare.


      In patients without procedure-related complications, SDD is a safe and cost-effective protocol.

      Graphical abstract


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