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Is artificial intelligence really that smart?

Published:August 05, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2022.07.033
      Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) are the latest research buzzwords in everything from the medical and social sciences to consumer products. AI invokes excitement and apprehension from both its potential and its unintended consequences. For the electrophysiology community, AI is relatively familiar. Computer-generated electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation is a rudimentary form of AI, and we are reminded of its limits every time we correct errors in these interpretations. Advanced 3-dimensional mapping systems use algorithms to map complex arrhythmias. Cardiac electrophysiologists have historically relied on their analytical reasoning to use indirect and incomplete data to identify and ablate cardiac arrhythmias with pinpoint precision. With advances in the computational processing of large data sets, researchers are exploring whether AI can match or exceed this analytical skill.
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