Clinical Guidelines & Documents
2021 PACES Expert Consensus Statement on the Indications and Management of Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices in Pediatric PatientsIn view of the increasing complexity of both cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) and patients in the current era, practice guidelines, by necessity, have become increasingly specific. This document is an expert consensus statement that has been developed to update and further delineate indications and management of CIEDs in pediatric patients, defined as ≤21 years of age, and is intended to focus primarily on the indications for CIEDs in the setting of specific disease categories.
2021 PACES Expert Consensus Statement on the Indications and Management of Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices in Pediatric Patients: Executive SummaryDocument Reviewers: Philip M. Chang, MD, FHRS, FACC; Fabrizio Drago, MD, FAIAC; Anne M. Dubin, MD, FHRS; Susan P. Etheridge, MD, FHRS; Apichai Kongpatanayothin, MD, FAsCC; Jose Manuel Moltedo, MD, FACC; Ashish A. Nabar, MD, DNB, PhD, FISE; George F. Van Hare, MD, FHRS, FACC, FAAP
2020 APHRS/HRS expert consensus statement on the investigation of decedents with sudden unexplained death and patients with sudden cardiac arrest, and of their familiesThis international multidisciplinary document intends to provide clinicians with evidence-based practical patient-centered recommendations for evaluating patients and decedents with (aborted) sudden cardiac arrest and their families. The document includes a framework for the investigation of the family allowing steps to be taken, should an inherited condition be found, to minimize further events in affected relatives. Integral to the process is counseling of the patients and families, not only because of the emotionally charged subject, but because finding (or not finding) the cause of the arrest may influence management of family members.
Integrated electrophysiology care for patients with heart failure: An envisioned futureHeart failure (HF) is a chronic, progressive, and complex disease that is increasing in prevalence with a projected 46% increase from 2012 to 2030.1 Frequent hospital admissions have made HF one of the leading causes of health care expenditures, costing the system more than 30 billion US dollars a year.2 Many of these patients have cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs), wearable devices, and atrial and ventricular arrhythmias. There is an increasing focus on how to best manage these patients, with the recognition that an integrated care model is optimal.
Guidance for rebooting electrophysiology through the COVID-19 pandemic from the Heart Rhythm Society and the American Heart Association Electrocardiography and Arrhythmias Committee of the Council on Clinical Cardiology:Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has presented substantial challenges to patient care and impacted health care delivery, including cardiac electrophysiology practice throughout the globe. Based upon the undetermined course and regional variability of the pandemic, there is uncertainty as to how and when to resume and deliver electrophysiology services for arrhythmia patients. This joint document from representatives of the Heart Rhythm Society, American Heart Association, and American College of Cardiology seeks to provide guidance for clinicians and institutions reestablishing safe electrophysiological care.
HRS/EHRA/APHRS/LAHRS/ACC/AHA worldwide practice update for telehealth and arrhythmia monitoring during and after a pandemicCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), started in the city of Wuhan in late 2019. Within a few months, the disease spread toward all parts of the world and was declared a pandemic on March 11, 2020. The current health care dilemma worldwide is how to sustain the capacity for quality services not only for those suffering from COVID-19 but also for non-COVID-19 patients, all while protecting physicians, nurses, and other allied health care workers.
Rationale, considerations, and goals for atrial fibrillation centers of excellence: A Heart Rhythm Society perspectiveAtrial fibrillation (AF) remains an important global problem.1–3 AF continues to lead to poor health outcomes, including reduced quality of life (QoL) and increased risks of heart failure, cognitive impairment, stroke, and death.4,5 Moreover, it has a significant financial impact on health care systems and their associated economies.6–8 In order to improve care for patients with AF, there is an increasing recognition that current care must evolve. Health care organizations should move from a system of siloed outpatient and inpatient clinicians and health care facilities to a system of integrated, coordinated, and patient-centered AF centers.
2019 HRS/EHRA/APHRS/LAHRS expert consensus statement on catheter ablation of ventricular arrhythmiasVentricular arrhythmias are an important cause of morbidity and mortality and come in a variety of forms, from single premature ventricular complexes to sustained ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation. Rapid developments have taken place over the past decade in our understanding of these arrhythmias and in our ability to diagnose and treat them. The field of catheter ablation has progressed with the development of new methods and tools, and with the publication of large clinical trials. Therefore, global cardiac electrophysiology professional societies undertook to outline recommendations and best practices for these procedures in a document that will update and replace the 2009 EHRA/HRS Expert Consensus on Catheter Ablation of Ventricular Arrhythmias.
Transparent sharing of digital health data: A call to actionAdvisors: Mintu P. Turakhia, MD, MAS, FHRS, Jill Schaeffer, MSN, CRNP, FHRS, CEPS, CCDS, G. Stuart Mendenhall, MD, FHRS, Gerhard Hindricks, MD, Sanjiv M. Narayan, MD, PhD, FHRS, Elizabeth E. Davenport, BA, RN, Nassir F. Marrouche, MD, FHRS
2017 HRS expert consensus statement on cardiovascular implantable electronic device lead management and extractionDocument Reviewers: Adrian M. Baranchuk, MD, FACC, FRCPC, FCCS; Carina Blomström-Lundqvist, MD, PhD; Frank A. Fish, MD; James M. Horton, MD; Roberto Keegan, MD; Miguel A. Leal, MD, FACC, FHRS; Nigel Lever, MBChB, FRACP; Aman Mahajan, MD, PhD, MBA; Marc R. Moon, MD; Siva K. Mulpuru, BS, MB, MBBS, MD, FHRS, CCDS
2017 HRS expert consensus statement on magnetic resonance imaging and radiation exposure in patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devicesSection I: Introduction and Methodology ...............e95
HRS Expert Consensus Statement on remote interrogation and monitoring for cardiovascular implantable electronic devicesCardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) have evolved significantly since the publication of the 2008 Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) consensus statement1 outlining recommended monitoring strategies. Novel embedded technologies have created the ability of the devices to monitor their own function, record arrhythmias and other physiological parameters, and communicate this information to health care providers without the active participation of the patient. CIEDs with wireless remote monitoring (RM) capabilities stand at the forefront of a new class of medical devices that will unobtrusively acquire vital data beyond the walls of health care facilities and seamlessly transmit the information back to health care providers.
Heart Rhythm Society Expert Consensus Statement on Electrophysiology Laboratory Standards: Process, Protocols, Equipment, Personnel, and SafetyThe modern electrophysiology (EP) laboratory is a complex environment providing an array of interventions for the diagnosis and treatment of heart rhythm disorders and is a result of many transformations over the last three decades. The EP field has witnessed rapid expansion in the number of therapeutic procedures treating a wide range of arrhythmias and in the new technologies available to perform these procedures. Because of the increasing complexity of equipment and procedures and an ever-expanding knowledge base, it was concluded that the field would benefit from a consensus document that would define the critical components and processes of a modern EP laboratory.