- Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has encompassed the globe since it was first observed just under 2 years ago. Although the disease is predominantly a respiratory illness, there have been observed complications throughout the various organ systems. Namely, cardiovascular complications, and, more specifically, arrhythmic complications have been described throughout the pandemic in patients with COVID-19. Management of atrial arrhythmias, ventricular arrhythmias, and bradyarrhythmias in patients with COVID-19 infection has been largely guided by our prior experience in the management of these arrhythmias in similar patient populations without infection.
- SARS-CoV-2 infection, which causes the disease COVID-19, is most known for its severe respiratory complications. However, a variety of extrapulmonary effects have since been described, with cardiovascular complications being among the most common.1 Those who recover from the acute phase of COVID-19 may be left with residual symptoms such as chest pain and dyspnea, resulting in a decreased quality of life and a syndrome sometimes described as “long COVID.”2 Recent evidence suggests that survivors with some of these chronic symptoms may have autonomic dysfunction (AD) with features of postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) and/or inappropriate sinus tachycardia (IST).
- Cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) implantation rates as well as the clinical and procedural characteristics and outcomes in patients with known active coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are unknown.
- Since December 2019, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has resulted in a pandemic of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) infections. Although predominantly a respiratory illness that can cause acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), data suggest cardiovascular involvement contributes significantly to the disease’s mortality. Data from Wuhan, China, demonstrated patients with pre-existing cardiovascular disease and elevated troponin levels had 69.44% mortality.1