- Patients with long QT syndrome (LQTS) face potential threats from COVID-19 vaccination. Fever is one of the issues that is not uncommon after vaccination, and it usually takes place within 2 days. In particular, patients with type 2 LQTS based on trafficking-deficient variants are probably vulnerable to arrhythmogenicity under febrile conditions. Furthermore, myocarditis is one of the rare complications that is possibly associated with acquired QT prolongation and puts patients with LQTS at risk of life-threatening arrhythmia.
- During the early stages of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, a marked increase in sudden cardiac death (SCD) was observed. The p.S1103Y-SCN5A common variant, which is present in ∼8% of individuals of African descent, may be a circumstance-dependent, SCD-predisposing, proarrhythmic polymorphism in the setting of hypoxia-induced acidosis or QT-prolonging drug use.
- Early during the current coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic, hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) received a significant amount of attention as a potential antiviral treatment, such that it became one of the most commonly prescribed medications for COVID-19 patients. However, not only has the effectiveness of HCQ remained questionable, but mainly based on preclinical and a few small clinical studies, HCQ is known to be potentially arrhythmogenic, especially as a result of QT prolongation.
- Since emerging from Wuhan, China, in late 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus responsible for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has infected >3.2 million individuals worldwide and ∼1 million in the United States (as of April 29, 2020).1,2 Despite the institution of measures designed to “flatten the curve,” COVID-19 has claimed the lives of >225,000 individuals worldwide and >60,000 individuals in the United States alone (as of April 29, 2020).2 Of note, mortality estimates in some of the hardest hit regions have already or may need to be revised to account for a spike in sudden deaths occurring at home.
- Ever since the first case was reported at the end of 2019, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and the associated coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a serious threat to public health globally in short time. At this point in time, there is no proven effective therapy. The interactions with concomitant disease are largely unknown, and that may be particularly pertinent to inherited arrhythmia syndrome. An arrhythmogenic effect of COVID-19 can be expected, potentially contributing to disease outcome.