Two-incision technique for implantation of the subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillatorThree incisions in the chest are necessary for implantation of the entirely subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD). The superior parasternal incision is a possible risk for infection and a potential source of discomfort. A less invasive alternative technique of implanting the S-ICD electrode—the two-incision technique—avoids the superior parasternal incision.
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in congenital heart disease: 10 programming tipsAdvances in cardiac care of the young have given rise to a growing and aging population of patients with congenital heart disease. Despite remarkable improvements in overall survival, sudden cardiac death remains the most common cause of late mortality. As a result, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are increasingly used in this heterogeneous patient population. Tetralogy of Fallot and transposition of the great arteries are the most prevalent subtypes of congenital heart disease in ICD recipients.